Materials for Children and Teens with Disabilities

This blog is intended as a means to update and expand on the Linda Lucas Walling Collection of Materials for and about Children and Teens with Different Abilities:

Wednesday, March 15, 2006

Ideas for Discussion Threads

I could begin a lot of discussion threads, but I'd like to hear from you about what you would like to discuss. Here are a few of my ideas. Please tell me which one(s) you are interested in, and please suggest others.
Here are some of my ideas:

1. Storytelling and other programming for children with disabilities
2. Tactile materials for children with disabilities
3. Low tech ideas for children with disabilities
4. Threads for children with specific types of disabilities (e. g., low vision, learning disabilities, hearing impairments, mental
retardation, etc.
5. Materials for middle and/or high schoolers


Blogger Learner said...

Just a brief comment to let you know I think this blog is a great idea. I will pass the word to others to check it out. (Peggy)

7:51 PM  
Blogger Sandy said...

I need large print materials for a first grade reader. Any suggestions?

10:16 AM  
Anonymous prushaan said...

I work to market our library, its programs and its services. One very subtle way that persons with disabilities can be included in our society is to include them in the graphic images that we use to advertise these services and programs. My experience shows that there is very little in the way of clip art that includes these persons doing ordinary things like fishing or putting on make-up. Most often they are in a wheelchair with a blanket over their legs as though they are ill. I have contacted the clip art services about this, but more voices joining in would help. I did work with the Cleveland Institute of Art and one class worked on a few images that are available at If you are aware of any other collection of images,please let me know at

11:10 AM  
Blogger Linda Lucas Walling said...

Remember that many children and adults with disabilities have invisible disabilities. When I pick clip art for handouts, etc., I always include some of people with no visible disabilities doing ordinary things. That said, you are correct that there are too few clip art collections that include amputation, people signing, etc. There are occasional ones of wheelchair use and crutch use. Maybe someone can suggest a source.

2:07 PM  
Blogger Linda Lucas Walling said...

Sandy -- I'm taking your question to mean that you are finding that most picture books don't have print that is large enough for children with reading disabilities. Is that correct? If so, I have two comments.

First, have you tried the Big Book editions of picture books? They would have larger print plus the added advantage of larger pictures. The pictures might or might not meet the criteria for selecting picture books for children with reading disabilities (see the Linda Lucas Walling Collection Web page for criteria).

Second, there are individual picture books that have larger, bolder print with good contrast and plenty of white space between the lines. If I remember correctly, Hunky Dory Ate It is one of those books. Maybe others who read your question can suggest other titles.

7:46 PM  
Blogger Linda Lucas Walling said...

For clip art, try the Disability Clip Art Home Page

4:10 PM  
Blogger Linda Lucas Walling said...

I contacted the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped about the availability of large print books. Check these links that they suggest:

Reading Materials in Large Print: A Resource Guide, 2005

Copyright Law Amendment, 1996: PL 104-197 December 1996
The exemption defines "specialized format" as "braille, audio, or
digital text which is exclusively for use by blind or other persons with disabilities."
Works reproduced in large print are, therefore, not included under the exemption.

Sources of Custom-Produced Books, 2001

NLS Other Writings:Guidelines for Accessing Alternative Format Educational Materials,
by Barbara Nail-Chiwetalu, 2000

Copyright and Fair Use in the Classroom, on the Internet, and the World Wide Web
"Copying by teachers must meet the tests of brevity and spontaneity:
Brevity refers to how much of the work you can copy.Spontaneity refers to how many
times you can copy.
According to the rule, the need to copy should occur closely in time to the need
to use the copies. I call this the "one semester rule." If you use something
for one semester it is likely to be seen as fair use. If you use something repeatedly,
it's less likely to be considered fair use. The expectation is that you will obtain
permission as soon as it is feasible. Using something over a period of years is
not within the spirit of the guidelines.

Special works:
"Works that combine language and illustrations and which are intended sometimes
for children and at other times for a general audience." A child's book is
an example. Special works should never be copied in their entirety.
An excerpt of no more than two pages or 10 percent, whichever is less, is the rule
for special works.
The use of the copies should be for one course at one school.

The copies should include a notice of copyright acknowledging the author of the

NOTE: It is recommended that teachers, faculty, or instructors consider both the
special guidelines for instructor and take into account the four factors that are
used to evaluate fair use when they are deciding what and how much of a copyrighted
work to use.

What Can Be Copied?
A chapter from a book (never the entire book).
An article from a periodical or newspaper.
A short story, essay, or poem. One work is the norm whether it comes from an individual
work or an anthology.
A chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture from a book, periodical, or
Multiple copies of a poem of 250 words or less that exist on two pages or less or
250 words from a longer poem.
Multiple copies of an article, story or essay that are 2,500 words or less or excerpts
up to 1,000 words or 10 percent of the total work, whichever is less.
Multiple copies of a chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon, or picture contained
in a book or periodical issue.
What Should Be Avoided?
Making multiple copies of different works that could substitute for the purchase
of books, publisher's reprints, or periodicals.
Copying the same works from semester to semester.
Copying the same material for several different courses at the same or different
Copying more than nine separate times in a single semester.
The copies should include a notice of copyright acknowledging the author of the

NOTE: It is recommended that teachers, faculty, or instructors consider both the
special guidelines for instructor and take into account the four factors that are
used to evaluate fair use when they are deciding what and how much of a copyrighted
work to use."

fact sheet on fair use

Fair use

4:16 PM  
Anonymous Joe Rickerson said...

We've recently started posting picture books on our website using Classroom Suite format and Clicker format. We've only have a few titles available at this time but it should grow fairly rapidly. Also we have about 150 picture books available in html. Being in html format the font are fairly easy to change in size. Also they can be printed. The drawback is the user must have a reading disability to qualify for using them. The cost of the service is $50.00 per year per school. This entitles every eligible student attending the school access to all books on the website--about 560 books.

10:58 PM  

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